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Narrative Text

Narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people (teks narasi adalah cerita imaginatif yang bertujuan menghibur orang).
Purpose:to tell the story,to amuse,teach a lesson or moral,explain something or make a comment.

Generic Structure of Narrative Text:

» Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
» Complication : Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
» Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, — secara baik “happy ending” ataupun buruk “bad ending”.

Language Feature of Narrative Text:

1. A narrative focuses on specific participants.
2. There are many action verbs, verbal and mental processes
3. Direct and indirect speeches are often used
4.It usually uses Past Tense
5. Linking words are used,related with time
6.There are sometimes some dialog and the tense can change
7. Descriptive language is used to create listener’s or reader’s imagination
8. Temporal conjunctions are also used.

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Example of Narrative Text:

The Legend of Rawa Pening

Once upon a time, there was a little poor boy came into a little village. He was very hungry and weak. He knocked at every door and asked for some food, but nobody cared about him. Nobody wanted to help the little boy.

Finally, a generous woman helped him. She gave him shelter and a meal. When the boy wanted to leave, this old woman gave him a “lesung”, a big wooden mortar for pounding rice. She reminded him, “please remember, if there is a flood you must save yourself.
Use this “lesung” as a boat”. The “lesung” was happy and thanked the old woman.The little boy continued his journey. While he was passing through the village, he saw many people gathering on the field. The boy came closer and saw a stick stuck in the ground. People challenged each other to pull out that stick. Everybody tried, but nobody succeeded. “Can I try?” asked the little boy. The crowd laughed mockingly. The boy wanted to try his luck so he stepped forward and pulled out the stick. He could do it very easily. Everybody was dumbfounded.

Suddenly, from the hole left by stick, water spouted out. It did not stop until it flooded the village. And no one was saved from the water except the little boy and the generous old woman who gave him shelter and meal. As she told him, he used the “lesung” as a boat and picked up the old woman. The whole village became a huge lake. It is now known as Rawa Pening Lake in Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.